For sure Vikings Season 4 will focus in England and France. Rollo is at the gates of Paris and Ragnar promised to return with a larger army in spring. The siege of Paris was in 845 and a century later, Vikings came to America. Did Ragnar Dream Of This Adventure?
Swedish Viking explorer Garoar Svavarsson was the first to circumnavigate Iceland in 870 and establish that it was an island. But before, Celtic monks known as the Papar lived in Iceland. Was Garoar the first Viking sailor to arrive at Iceland? Improbable. Vikings from Ragnar Lothbrok’s time would go to Iceland and some of them could have come to America by mistake.
Ragnar is a dreamer and an adventurer. We’ll see if he dreams of America in Vikings Season 4.
Today, ten things that current archeologists know about Norsemen in America:
1.- Vikings, coming from Norway, Sweden and Denmark, dominated the exploration, trade and colonization during 300 years, from about 790-1066.
2.- They swept over Europe, Asia and America for different reasons: shortage of fertile land in Scandinavia, to be free of their powerful rulers, opportunism or mere barbarism. Over time the expeditions dwindled and joined Christian Europe, but their customs live in parts of the ancient Vikings domains.
3.- Viking settlement in America was written for the first time in two sagas: the “Saga of the Greenlanders” written in 1200, and the “Saga of Erik the Red” in 1260.
4.- Then, according to the Sagas, Norsemen from Iceland first settled Greenland in the 980s.
5.- Erik the Red (950 – 1003), having been banished from Iceland for homicide, apparently explored the uninhabited southwestern coast of Greenland during the three years of his banishment. He chose the name Greenland to attract potential colonists.
6.- Two settlements and at least 400 farms with a population of 3,000–5,000 people have been identified by archaeologists.
7.- Three of Erik the Red’s children visited the North American continent: his sons Leif and Thorvald, and their sister Freydis. Thorvald died there.
8.- In the year 1000, Leif Eriksson with 35 men came to America from Greenland. He called Helluland (“Land of the smooth stone”) to Baffin Island. From there, he continued to tour and reached another low land and forest cover which they called Markland (Labrador), which means “Land of wood.”
9.- They gave the continent the name “Vinland,” which wants to say “wine country” because of the many wild vines they saw in the field.
10.- There’re also genetic studies that confirm the presence of Vikings in America.
Enjoy your day, Yareah friends. Art is everywhere and up to you!