The Western Wall, Wailing Wall or Kotel. Ten things you should know about this sacred place.
1.- The Western Wall refers to a 187 foot (57 m) exposed section of ancient wall placed at the western flank of the Temple Mount in Jerusalem. It’s set aside for prayer.
2.- The Temple Mount is one of the most important religious sites in the Old City of Jerusalem. It’s the holiest site in Judaism, where God’s divine presence is manifested more than any other place. It has been used as a religious site for thousands of years.
3.- Also other religious traditions have made use of the Temple Mount: Judaism, Ancient Roman religion, Christianity and Islam.
4.- Early Jewish writings spoke about the “western wall of the Temple”. However, there is doubt if they are referring to today Western Wall.
5.- In the 11th century, Ahimaaz ben Paltiel refers to the Western Wall visible today.
6.- It was after the Roman defeat of the Bar Kokhba revolt when Jews were banned from Jerusalem, and the Temple Mount was destroyed (except the Western Wall.)
7.- Afterwards, when the Roman Empire became Christian in the 4th century, Jews were given permission to visit Jerusalem once a year, to lament the loss of the Temple Mount at the Western Wall.
8.- In 5th century, Jews wrote to Byzantine empress Aelia Eudocia looking permission to pray by the ruins of the Temple and to live in Jerusalem again. Permission was granted.
9.- In early 1920, the first Jewish-Arab dispute over the Wall occurred.
10.- After the 1967 Arab-Israeli war, Rabbi Yehuda Meir Getz was named the overseer of proceedings at the wall. After Rabbi Getz’s death, Rabbi Shmuel Rabinowitz was given the position.
Video: The Western Wall by Israeli Taxi.