Yesterday Gabriel Garcia Marquez died. He was one of the most important authors of the 20th century and a master for future generations. R.I.P.
Ten things you should know about Garcia Marquez.
His complete name was Gabriel José de la Concordia García Márquez (aka Gabo). He was born on 6 March 1927 in Aracataca, Colombia.
His father was a pharmacist who moved constantly, and he was raised by his maternal grandparents, Doña Tranquilina Iguaran and Colonel Nicolas Ricardo Marquez Mejia.
The Colonel was considered a hero by Colombian Liberals. Garcia Marquez said he was his “umbilical cord with history and reality.” Because Doña Tranquilina believed in ghost and magic powers. She was “the source of the magical, superstitious and supernatural view of reality” of Marquez books.
Gabriel Garcia Marquez started soon a career as a journalist. In 1948 and 1949 he wrote for El Universal in Cartagena. Later, for El Heraldo in Barranquilla, for Bogotá’s El Espectador and for Momento in Caracas. In 1958, disagreeing with the owner of Momento, he resigned and became editor of the newspaper Venezuela Gráfica. He was very critical of the Latin American ruling classes, dictators, and the church role.
Faulkner narrative techniques, and themes influenced him very much.
In March 1958 he married Mercedes Barcha. They had two children: Rodrigo Garcia and Gonzalo.
In 1967, One Hundred Years of Solitude was published and immediately, the novel was a great success. The novel is based on his memories about his grandparents.
Autumn of the Patriarch was published in 1975 and Love in the Time of Cholera in 1985.
Gabriel Garcia Marquez literary style has been labeled as magic realism. Because he uses magical elements and realistic situations… Again his grandfather and grandmother personalities together.
Among other important awards, he received the 1972 Neustadt International Prize for Literature and the 1982 Nobel Prize in Literature.