Los Angeles History. Los Angeles coast was first settled by Gabrileños. The area was called Yangna or “poison oak place” and it was also inhabited by Chumash tribes.
In 1542, the explorer Rodriguez Cabrillo claimed the area of southern California for Spain but it was not really explored.
On August 2 1769 Gaspar de Portola and Franciscan priest Juan Crespi, reached the present site of the city. And Franciscan friars built the Mission San Gabriel Arcangel.
In 1781, 40 people known as “Los Pobladores” founded the pueblo called “El Pueblo de Nuestra Señora la Reina de los Angeles del Rio de Porciuncula” in honor of the Virgin Mary (currently, in the oldest part of Los Angeles). And officially, Los Angeles was founded on September 4, 1781, by Spanish governor Felipe de Neve, and by 1820 the population had increased to about 650 people.
In 1821, Los Angeles achieved its independence from Spain and was part of Mexico. Governor Pio Pico made it Alta California capital.
US took control from California after the Mexican–American War: Treaty of Cahuenga on January 13, 1847.
They constructed railroads and in 1892 was discovered petrol. In fact, California become the country largest oil producer.
By 1910, movie industry started to settle in Hollywood and the city didn’t suffer during the Great Depression (it had more than 1 million people).
In 1969, Los Angeles became one of the birthplaces of the Internet. But the century finished with racial tensions, the 6.7 Northridge earthquake and great political scandals: the Rampart scandal.
Currently, Los Angeles is one of the most important economic engines within the United States and the world: films, TV productions, videogames, record music, fashion, science, medicine, research and sports. Don’t forget Los Angeles hosted the Summer Olympic Games in 1932 and 1984.