As one of the most significant American artists of the post-war period, Donald Judd’s practice has come to define what has been referred to as Minimalist art.
Judd began as a painter in the late 1940s, although he soon introduced three-dimensional elements into the surface of his work. His first sculptural objects took the form of shallow reliefs, and by 1963 he had begun to create freestanding works that were presented directly on the floor and the wall. Throughout his practice, Judd used materials such as plywood, steel, concrete, Plexiglas, and aluminum and employed commercial fabricators in order to get the surfaces and angles he desired. He created declaratively simple, fundamental sculptural forms, many of which took the shape of simple “boxes” or “stacks,” which he would often arrange according to repeated or sequential progressions.