Domes represent the universe. From Mesopotamia and old Persian times, there has been a obsession of people to build great domes. However, it’s a very difficult task, maybe the most difficult task for an architect.
One of the oldest, still a false one but still the dome with the largest diameter in the world, is the Pantheon in Rome (126 AD). Marvelous!
Some centuries later, the Byzantine emperor Justinian ordered to build Hagia Sophia in Istanbul. Beautiful on the outside but more beautiful on the inside.
During the Middle Ages, few great domes were built in the Western World. However, this one of the Zamora Cathedral (Spain) is notable for its originality. Tiles mimic fish scales!
Of course, it was during the Renaissance, when they started to be built by professional architects as Brunelleschi in Florence (Italy). Then Florence cathedral has been the model to follow during centuries.
In the end, we have St. Peter’s Basilica in the Vatican, in vogue these days for the election of Pope Francisco.
Majestic it’s St. Paul’s cathedral in London. A symbol for British people during the Second World War.
Today, with our new materials, it’s possible to build original shapes. The Mitchell Park Horticultural Conservatory in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, could be a good example.
Enjoy the day, Yareah magazine friends! Spring is coming and art is everywhere!
Definition: A dome can be thought of as an arch which has been rotated around its central vertical axis.
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