New Year’s Day. Why does the year start on January 1? In old times it started on March 15. What did it happen? Read on Yareah magazine and Happy New Year!
New Year’s Day: why on January 1? Well, it’s a good question, one of these important questions that we have thought ever but afterwards, we have never looked for the answer.
Has the year always started on January 1? Well, in old classic times, year started on March 15. The Ancient Rome chose their consuls that day, ‘first day’ of the Roman political and administrative year.
But Rome was always a practical land and Roman people were willing to change whatever thing if this suited their interests.
Current Spain (Hispania) was the most important conquest that Rome did during its Republic. Hispania provided slaves and metals to Rome. However, current Northeast of Spain was a permanent focus of conflict.
In the year 179 BC, Rome and the Hispania city of Segeda had sealed a peace deal. But 25 years later, Segeda break the deal. Roman Senate mobilized 30,000 soldiers to attack Segeda, it was twice the number of soldiers who came usually to Spain. But the offence of Segeda, an important strategic and communications center with a wall of 8 km., couldn’t be forgotten.
Then and due to the important contingent of men, Rome decided to appoint a consul for this giant army, rather than designate an ordinary magistrate (pretor) to conduct the military operation, as usually.
Of course, they cannot wait until March because they were in a hurry and they decided to forward the election. That year (154 BC), time accounting changed forever. From then on, consuls would be chosen on January 1 and years started that day: New Year’s Day!
History has a lot of curiosities!
Happy New Year!
**Segeda was the capital of a Pre-Roman Celtic-Iberian people: the tribe of the Veils, great farmers and warriors, with a good metallurgical culture.
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