Joan Miro, master of yesterday and today, painted ‘Dutch Interior I’ in 1928 and started a new artistic way.
‘Dutch Interior I’ (today at the MoMA) is Joan Miro Surrealist version of ‘The Lute Player’ by Baroque artist Hendrick Sorgh. It deserves a review on Yareah magazine because it’s one of the best examples of Surreal Automatism and started a new complete semantic.
Who is Joan Miro. Has every important artist been unhappy?
I don’t know why but we have the idea that every ‘genius’ in the Art History has lived a hard life, full of problems and empty of money… I don’t know why because, in fact, and from Titan to Picasso, they have died rich and clapped.
No doubt, there are exceptions (as in every rule). Van Gogh sad life and the fact he didn’t sell one painting and after his death, these same paintings raised incredible prices in auctions, have created this legend of artists dying of starvation.
Joan Miro (Barcelona 1893 – Palma de Mallorca 1983) is another example of a successful artist in life.
Of course, he needed a time to reach the fame (who doesn’t?) and when in 1920, he travelled to Paris, Joan Miro was an unknown Spanish painter, with some classical training and nothing more.
In Paris, Joan Miro was impressed seeing so many different movements and tendencies, so many opinions about art… He chose to be part of Surrealism, but building a personal and poetic style with a personal language (woman, bird, star, Moon, Sun).
Eight years in Paris and a trip to Holland were what he needed to be a successful artist. I think, it’s not too much.
In 1928, after visiting Holland and studied the typical ‘Dutch Interiors’: happy people making daily tasks in rooms of peaceful atmosphere, Joan Miro decided to paint his own versions of this topic.
Dutch Interior I (today, at the MoMA in NYC) is his personal version of ‘The Lute Player’ by the Holland painter from the 17th century Hendrick Sorgh.
The Baroque iconography: musician playing a lute, woman, table, dog, cat, window and picture hanging on the wall is conserved in Joan Miro’s version but adapted to a new perspective and to a new idea of movement.
Miro didn’t employ the classic rules of perspective and he played with colors. Then, figures or spaces that are supposed to be near of the viewer are orange, brown or red, because they stand out objects and create the feeling of approaching. Instead, background is painted in cold colors (blue or green), since they create the feeling of a distance.
‘Dutch Interior I’ is a fantastic oil on canvas (92 x 73 cm). The central point is the big orange lute. The other elements surround it as organic forms flying in the space, together with black Abstract lines and spirals. The result is a centripetal movement, one of the best examples of Surreal Automatism.
In 1928, Joan Miro exhibited a great part of his Dutch Interiors at the Bernheim Gallery in Paris. He sold absolutely all of them and critics considered him one of the most important artist of that moment.
Joan Miro was 35 years old and his life was saver forever… I don’t know why we think famous artists have suffered so much. Miro is another example of a successful life.