Pollock Painting. Who was Jackson Pollock?
The artist Jackson Pollock was born on January 28th, 1912, in Wyoming. During his childhood, he travelled extensively in the United States with his family (his father did surveying jobs). His experiences in California, Arizona, and the Grand Canyon, when he knew Spanish and Indian cultures, influenced him very much and they will be reflected in his posterior paintings.
In 1929, he moved with his brother Charles to study at the Art Students League in New York and worked two years with the muralist artist Thomas Hart Benton.
In New York, he knew Lee Krasner, an abstract painter of some popularity. From the beginning, Lee believed in Jackson Pollock, in spite of his weak personality. They started to change experiences and by the mid 1940’s, Pollock was painting in a completely abstract manner. She also introduced Pollock into important artistic circles and in 1943, he held his first solo at the Art of This Century Gallery in New York, owned by collector Peggy Guggenheim, who will support him in his career.
Pollock invented the “Drip and Splash” style or “Action Painting”. He started to use an unconventional technique. He removed the canvas from its easel and painted directly on the floor, pouring paint from a can and working from all sides of the picture, frequently walking across and even through his painting. Furthermore, he often used sticks, sand, broken glass or other foreign materials to perfect his art. By 1950’s, he became recognized a principal figure in the Abstract movement of American painting. But his paintings were the fruit of his feelings and interior searches, they were full of lyrical colors and majestic harmony, they were also Expressionists. Thus, from his achievements and objectives, he is the most important artist of the American Abstract Expressionism, so important as Kandinsky in Europe.
Lee Krasner always helped him. They lived retired in a property in East Hampton (today, “Pollock-Krasner House and Studio”) but Pollock anxiety and alcoholism grew while his fame and their conflicts and fights were constant. He died on August 11, 1956, in a car accident. He had drunk too much.
Lee kept on promoting Pollock’s work. She died in 1984 leaving a personal important artwork too.
In 1985, it was established the “Pollock-Krasner Foundation” “to assist individual working artists of merit with financial need.”
In spite of all the problems: a great loyal couple!