In 79 B.P., the eruption of a volcano, the Vesuvius, buried the ancient and prosperous Pompeii (near current Naples). When it was discovered by archeologists at the end of 18th century, they found paintings on the walls in perfect conservation. The usual themes were about mythology but also about the daily life of those old times.
They had big families, ruled by a patriarch, who had life and death right over all of the members: children (genetic and adopted); brothers and sisters with their couples and descendants; ancient or widow members; and also other poor or foreign families, who were under his protection and orders. Bellow them were the slaves (only things according to old Roman laws). They could be thousands, some of them worked at home but the majority in the farms and lands that every patriarch had in the Italian peninsula and in the conquered countries.
The paintings of Pompeii have a good technique with a great study of expression and movement. However, their perspective is wrong (always the big problem of perspective!). We cannot find correct perspectives until the Renaissance: herein lies the importance of Leonardo da Vinci or Raphael de Sanzio.
**The city of Pompeii is a partially buried Roman town-city near modern Naples (Italy) in the region of Campania. Along with Herculaneum, Pompeii was destroyed and buried under 4 to 6 m of ash and pumice in the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in AD 79.
Pompeii was lost for nearly 1700 years and rediscovery in 1748. Since then, its excavation has provided an extraordinarily detailed insight into the life of a city during the Roman Peace. Today, this UNESCO World Heritage Site is one of the most popular tourist attractions of Italy, with approximately 2,500,000 visitors every year.